Purpose: Microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization analysis led us to detect a homozygous deletion at the cyclic AMP response element binding protein-binding protein (CBP) locus in a lung cancer cell line. Oncogenic roles of CBP had been suggested by functional and genetic studies; thus, involvement of CBP gene alterations in lung carcinogenesis was investigated by undertaking comprehensive analysis of genetic CBP alterations in human lung cancer. Experimental Design: Fifty-nine cell lines and 95 surgical specimens of lung cancer were analyzed for mutations, homozygous and hemizygous deletions, and expression of the CBP gene. Results: Homozygous CBP deletions, including two intragenic deletions, were detected in three (5.1%) lung cancer cell lines. CBP mutations, including missense, nonsense, and frame-shift mutations, were detected in six (10.2%) cell lines and five (5.3%) surgical specimens of lung cancer. The wild-type CBP allele was retained in 9 of 11 cases with CBP mutations, and both time wild-type and mutant alleles were expressed in all the six cases with heterozygous CBP mutations examined. Three mutations with amino acid substitutions in the histone acetyltransferase domain caused significant reduction in transcription activation activity of CBP protein in vivo. Conclusions: A fraction of lung cancers carried mutations and/or deletions of the CBP gene, suggesting that genetic CBP alterations are involved in the genesis and/or progression of a subset of lung cancers.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|Issue number||2 I|
|State||Published - Jan 15 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research