Mutations in Tyr808 reveal a potential auto-inhibitory mechanism of guanylate cyclase-B regulation

Takeshi Katafuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this study, Tyr808 in GC-B (guanylate cyclase-B), a receptor of the CNP (C-type natriuretic peptide), has been shown to be a critical regulator of GC-B activity. In searching for phosphorylation sites that could account for suppression of GC-B activity by S1P (sphingosine-1-phosphate), mutations were introduced into several candidate serine/threonine and tyrosine residues. Although no novel phosphorylation sites that influenced the suppression of GC-B were identified, experiments revealed that mutations in Tyr808 markedly enhanced GC-B activity. CNP-stimulated activities of the Y808F and Y808A mutants were greater than 30-fold and 70-fold higher, respectively, than that of WT (wild-type) GC-B. The Y808E and Y808S mutants were constitutively active, expressing 270-fold higher activity without CNP stimulation than WT GC-B. Those mutations also influenced the sensitivity of GC-B to a variety of inhibitors, including S1P, Na3VO4 and PMA. Y808A, Y808E and Y808S mutations markedly weakened S1P- and Na3VO4-dependent suppression of GC-B activity, whereas Y808E and Y808S mutations rather elevated cGMP production. Tyr808 is conserved in all membrane-bound GCs and located in the niche domain showing sequence similarity to a partial fragment of the HNOBA (haem nitric oxide binding associated) domain, which is found in soluble GC and in bacterial haem-binding kinases. This finding provides new insight into the activation mechanism of GCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBioscience Reports
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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