Mycobacterium tuberculosis MycP1 Protease Plays a Dual Role in Regulation of ESX-1 Secretion and Virulence

Yamini M. Ohol, David H. Goetz, Kaman Chan, Michael U. Shiloh, Charles S. Craik, Jeffery S. Cox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

87 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mycobacterium tuberculosis uses the ESX-1 secretion system to deliver virulence proteins during infection of host cells. Here we report a mechanism of posttranscriptional control of ESX-1 mediated by MycP1, a M. tuberculosis serine protease. We show that MycP1 is required for ESX-1 secretion but that, unexpectedly, genetic inactivation of MycP1 protease activity increases secretion of ESX-1 substrates. We demonstrate that EspB, an ESX-1 substrate required for secretion, is a target of MycP1 in vitro and in vivo. During macrophage infection, an inactive MycP1 protease mutant causes hyperactivation of ESX-1-stimulated innate signaling pathways. MycP1 is required for growth in mice during acute infection, while loss of its protease activity leads to attenuated virulence during chronic infection. As the key ESX-1 substrates ESAT-6 and CFP-10 are highly immunogenic, fine-tuning of their secretion by MycP1 may balance virulence and immune detection and be essential for successful maintenance of long-term M. tuberculosis infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-220
Number of pages11
JournalCell Host and Microbe
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 18 2010

Keywords

  • CELLBIO
  • MICROBIO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Virology

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