Mycoplasma pulmonis depresses humoral and cell-mediated responses in mice.

W. C. Lai, S. P. Pakes, I. Owusu, S. Wang

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Abstract

Humoral and cell-mediated immune responses to sheep red blood cells (SRBC) were studied in mice infected experimentally with Mycoplasma pulmonis. The hemagglutinating (HA) antibody against SRBC was evaluated at 0, 3, 5, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days postinfection (PI). Antibody tiers during all days PI were depressed significantly (p less than 0.05) in infected mice as compared to noninfected controls. The HA antibody, which is of the IgM class, peaks at day 5 PI. There is no shift in the kinetics of the humoral response in M. pulmonis infected mice. Cellular immune responses were evaluated by a delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction and the lymphocyte transformation technique. Mice were sensitized at 0,3,5,7,14, 21 and 28 days PI with SRBC and challenged by footpad injection of SRBC 7 days later. The DTH reaction measured at 24 hours after challenge was depressed significantly (p less than 0.05) in all infected animals. After a transient enhancement on day 3 PI, the DTH responses remained depressed through day 28 PI. The lymphocyte transformation test showed a significantly (p less than 0.05) depressed response except on days 5 and 7 PI. These results indicate that M. pulmonis infection in mice suppresses the humoral antibody and cell-mediated immune responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-15
Number of pages5
JournalLaboratory animal science
Volume39
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1989

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

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Lai, W. C., Pakes, S. P., Owusu, I., & Wang, S. (1989). Mycoplasma pulmonis depresses humoral and cell-mediated responses in mice. Laboratory animal science, 39(1), 11-15.