AimsDiabetes may promote myocardial extracellular matrix (ECM) expansion that increases vulnerability. We hypothesized that: (i) type 2 diabetes would be associated with quantitative cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) measures of myocardial ECM expansion, i.e. extracellular volume fraction (ECV); (ii) medications blocking the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) would be associated with lower ECV; and (iii) ECV in diabetic individuals would be associated with mortality and/or incident hospitalization for heart failure.Methods and resultsWe enrolled 1176 consecutive patients referred for CMR without amyloidosis and computed ECV from measures of the haematocrit and myocardial and blood T1 pre- and post-contrast. Linear regression modelled ECV; Cox regression modelled mortality and/or hospitalization for heart failure. Diabetic individuals (n = 231) had higher median ECV than those without diabetes (n = 945): 30.2% (IQR: 26.9-32.7) vs. 28.1% (IQR: 25.9-31.0), respectively, P < 0.001). Diabetes remained associated with higher ECV in models adjusting for demographics, comorbidities, and medications (P < 0.001). Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade was associated with lower ECV (P = 0.028) in multivariable linear models. Over a median of 1.3 years (IQR: 0.8-1.9), 38 diabetic individuals had events (21 incident hospitalizations for heart failure; 24 deaths), and ECV was associated with these events (HR: 1.52, 95% CI: 1.21-1.89 per 3% ECV increase) in multivariable Cox regression models.ConclusionDiabetes is associated with increased ECV. Extracellular volume fraction detects amelioration of ECM expansion associated with RAAS blockade, and is associated with mortality and/or incident hospitalization for heart failure in diabetic individuals. Extracellular matrix expansion may be an important intermediate phenotype in diabetic individuals that is detectable and treatable.
- extracellular matrix
- extracellular volume fraction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine