N-(2-chlorobenzyloxycarbonyloxy)-succinimide as a terminating agent for solid-phase peptide synthesis

Application to a one-step purification procedure

Haydn L. Ball, Paolo Mascagni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The solid-phase synthesis of peptides is limited by the ability to separate the target sequence from chromatographically similar deletion and truncated impurities. Earlier we have reported the development of a one-step purification procedure for Boc- and Fmoc-synthesised peptides, which involves the incorporation of a base-labile probe with enhanced chromatographic properties at the N-terminal residue of the peptidyl-resin. To prevent the coderivatisation of deletion peptides, an efficient capping procedure is required at each step of chain assembly to terminate unreacted amino groups. N-(2-Chlorobenzyloxycarbonyloxy)-succinimide (Z(2-Cl)-OSu) was found to be a highly effective capping agent for automated SPPS, because it is (i) a solid which can be dissolved when required to limit possible degradation; (ii) stable to the reagents commonly used for Boc/Fmoc chemistries; and (iii) sufficiently reactive so as not to significantly extend cycle times. We demonstrate the effectiveness of a 5 min capping cycle, using Z(2-Cl)-OSu, by synthesising several peptides ranging from 12 to 101 residues in length, by both the Fmoc and Boc chemical strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-57
Number of pages9
JournalLetters in Peptide Science
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1995

Fingerprint

Solid-Phase Synthesis Techniques
Peptides
Purification
Resins
Impurities
Degradation
succinimide

Keywords

  • β2-Subunit from CD18
  • Chaperonin 10 from Rattus norvegicus
  • Lipophilic probe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "The solid-phase synthesis of peptides is limited by the ability to separate the target sequence from chromatographically similar deletion and truncated impurities. Earlier we have reported the development of a one-step purification procedure for Boc- and Fmoc-synthesised peptides, which involves the incorporation of a base-labile probe with enhanced chromatographic properties at the N-terminal residue of the peptidyl-resin. To prevent the coderivatisation of deletion peptides, an efficient capping procedure is required at each step of chain assembly to terminate unreacted amino groups. N-(2-Chlorobenzyloxycarbonyloxy)-succinimide (Z(2-Cl)-OSu) was found to be a highly effective capping agent for automated SPPS, because it is (i) a solid which can be dissolved when required to limit possible degradation; (ii) stable to the reagents commonly used for Boc/Fmoc chemistries; and (iii) sufficiently reactive so as not to significantly extend cycle times. We demonstrate the effectiveness of a 5 min capping cycle, using Z(2-Cl)-OSu, by synthesising several peptides ranging from 12 to 101 residues in length, by both the Fmoc and Boc chemical strategies.",
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AB - The solid-phase synthesis of peptides is limited by the ability to separate the target sequence from chromatographically similar deletion and truncated impurities. Earlier we have reported the development of a one-step purification procedure for Boc- and Fmoc-synthesised peptides, which involves the incorporation of a base-labile probe with enhanced chromatographic properties at the N-terminal residue of the peptidyl-resin. To prevent the coderivatisation of deletion peptides, an efficient capping procedure is required at each step of chain assembly to terminate unreacted amino groups. N-(2-Chlorobenzyloxycarbonyloxy)-succinimide (Z(2-Cl)-OSu) was found to be a highly effective capping agent for automated SPPS, because it is (i) a solid which can be dissolved when required to limit possible degradation; (ii) stable to the reagents commonly used for Boc/Fmoc chemistries; and (iii) sufficiently reactive so as not to significantly extend cycle times. We demonstrate the effectiveness of a 5 min capping cycle, using Z(2-Cl)-OSu, by synthesising several peptides ranging from 12 to 101 residues in length, by both the Fmoc and Boc chemical strategies.

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