Nanoparticle T cell engagers for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia

Kinan Alhallak, Jennifer Sun, Barbara Muz, Amanda Jeske, Jessica Yavner, Hannah Bash, Chaelee Park, Berit Lubben, Ola Adebayo, Samuel Achilefu, John F. Di Persio, Abdel Kareem Azab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common type of leukemia and has a 5-year survival rate of 25%. The standard-of-care for AML has not changed in the past few decades. Promising immunotherapy options are being developed for the treatment of AML; yet, these regimens require highly laborious and sophisticated techniques. We create nanoTCEs using liposomes conjugated to monoclonal antibodies to enable specific binding. We also recreate the bone marrow niche using our 3D culture system and use immunocompromised mice to enable use of human AML and T cells with nanoTCEs. We show that CD33 is ubiquitously present on AML cells. The CD33 nanoTCEs bind preferentially to AML cells compared to Isotype. We show that nanoTCEs effectively activate T cells and induce AML killing in vitro and in vivo. Our findings suggest that our nanoTCE technology is a novel and promising immuno-therapy for the treatment of AML and provides a basis for supplemental investigations for the validation of using nanoTCEs in larger animals and patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1878-1885
Number of pages8
JournalOncotarget
Volume12
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 14 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 3D tissue culture model
  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • Nanoparticles
  • T cell engagers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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