Nature of antigens and antibodies in immune complexes isolated by staphylococcal protein A from plasma of melanoma patients

Rishab K. Gupta, A. Marilyn Leitch, Donald L. Morton

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Abstract

Immune complexes (IC) were isolated from plasma of melanoma patients by absorption to staphylococcal protein A and subsequent elution with MgCl2. The isolated ICs were purified by precipitation with polyethylene glycol and sucrose density gradient ultracentrifugation after radioiodination with 125I. The purified ICs were dissociated and radiolabeled antigen/antibody components were separated by ultracentrifugation at low pH (2.6). Under these conditions, about 72% radioactivity of the purified IC remained in the light-density region as a wide band. After neutralization, 26%-60% radioactivity in the region of 5S sedimentation bound to immobilized autologous immunoglobulins, as opposed to a maximum of 23% to immobilized immunoglobulins from human normal serum. Significant levels (73%-77%) of radioactivity in 7S region bound to rabbit anti-human IgG immunobeads. Immunoprecipitation of the antigen fraction by allogeneic anti-melanoma and rabbit anti-melanoma antibodies followed by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed the presence of a fetal antigen (FA) and a melanoma tumor-associated antigen (TAA). In addition, the presence of auto-antigen(s) was indicated by using autologous antibody in immunoprecipitation. Immunoglobulins (IgG) isolated from purified IC bound to cultured melanoma, sarcoma, and normal fibroblasts, although the binding to sarcoma and normal fibroblasts could be inhibited by preincubation of isolated IgG with soluble FA but not with soluble melanoma TAA. Thus, results of this investigation provide evidence that circulating IC in melanoma patients are composed of at least IgG and different antigens, and some of these antigens are produced by their tumor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-47
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Immunology Immunotherapy
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1983

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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