The role of mevalonate and its products in the regulation of cellular proliferation was examined using 6-fluoromevalonate (Fmev), a compound that blocks the conversion of mevalonate pyrophosphate to isopentenyl pyrophosphate. Fmev suppressed DNA synthesis by a variety of transformed and malignant T cell, B cell, and myeloid cell lines. In contrast to results previously reported with mitogen-stimulated human peripheral blood T cell DNA synthesis, low concentrations of low density lipoprotein (LDL) alone could not restore proliferation to these cell lines. The same concentrations of LDL were able to provide sufficient cholesterol and support the growth of all cell lines when mevalonate synthesis was blocked with a specific inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, lovastatin. Fmev-mediated inhibition was totally prevented in some but not all cell lines when the concentration of exogenous LDL was increased 5-10-fold above that required to permit proliferation of lovastatin-blocked cells. Residual HMG-CoA reductase activity of cells cultured with LDL inversely correlated with the restoration of growth to Fmev-blocked cultures. Confirmation of the critical role of HMG-CoA reductase activity and mevalonate synthesis in the inhibition of cellular proliferation by Fmev was obtained by demonstrating that the specific inhibitor of this enzyme, lovastatin, restored proliferation of Fmev-blocked cells. Furthermore, supplementation of cultures with mevalonate, the product of HMG-CoA reductase activity, markedly inhibited proliferation of Fmev-blocked cells. These findings indicate that mevalonate or one of the mevalonate phosphates, which accumulates in Fmev-blocked cells, is a critical negative regulator of cellular proliferation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology