Peritonitis is a major complication in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, often requiring a switch to hemodialysis (HD). Common sources of bacterial peritonitis are touch contamination and PD catheter-related infection. Intra-abdominal pathology is a less common cause of peritonitis in PD patients, and rarely is Neisseria mucosa the causative organism.We present an uncommon case of N. mucosa peritonitis in a 30-year-old African American female patient treated with nocturnal intermittent PD. The infection occurred in the setting of a translocated intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) in the infrahepatic region because of transmural migration. Our patient underwent laparoscopic removal of the IUCD and received empiric intraperitoneal (IP) vancomycin and intravenous ceftriaxone. After the isolate was identified as N. mucosa, her regimen was changed to IP ceftriaxone for a total of 21 days. Cell count after completion of antibiotics showed resolution of the peritonitis. The PD catheter was salvaged and transition to HD was avoided.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Advances in peritoneal dialysis. Conference on Peritoneal Dialysis|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2018|
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