Nephrolithiasis in children

Mary Ann Cameron, Khashayar Sakhaee, Orson W. Moe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

A metabolic etiology is the most common cause for pediatric kidney stones. Appropriate evaluation of affected children should include assessment of stone type, if available, and assessment of predisposing factors in all cases. This review discusses the metabolic disorders that lead to nephrolithiasis with respect to the development of calcium, uric acid, struvite, and cystine stones. Environmental and hereditary factors are summarized to provide a guide in the evaluation of pediatric stone formers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1587-1592
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Nephrology
Volume20
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2005

Keywords

  • Calcium oxalate
  • Cystine
  • Hypercalciuria
  • Kidney stone
  • Struvite
  • Uric acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Nephrology

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