Neurological evaluation and management of autism spectrum disorder

Kimberly Goodspeed, Darrah Haffner, Sailaja Golla, Mary Ann Morris, Patricia Evans

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is an increasingly common neurodevelopmental disorder that has a wide variety of etiologies. Patients with autism have deficits in social communication and restricted and repetitive behaviors and interests. Cognitive abilities are variable ranging from profound intellectual disability to above average intellectual capabilities. In addition, medical comorbidities such as gastrointestinal dysfunction, sleep disorders, and seizures are frequently diagnosed. Though there is no cure for autism, on-going research in genetic etiologies and novel therapeutic applications are being studied. ASD is a lifelong condition that has varied clinical presentations across the life span of an individual and requires a multifaceted and diverse team of providers to manage the differing challenges that arise as patients grow and develop.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRosenberg’s Molecular and Genetic Basis of Neurological and Psychiatric Disease
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 1
PublisherElsevier
Pages333-347
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9780128139554
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Angelman syndrome
  • Applied behavior analysis
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Developmental synaptopathies
  • Fragile X syndrome
  • Noninvasive neuromodulation
  • Pharmacotherapy
  • Phelan-McDermid syndrome
  • Rett syndrome
  • Tuberous sclerosis complex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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