A standardized guideline and scoring system should be used for the MR imaging diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy. The MR imaging-based Neuropathy Score Reporting and Data System (NS-RADS) is a newly devised classification system (in press in AJR) that can be used to communicate both type and severity of peripheral neuropathy in the light of clinical history and examination findings. The spectrum of neuropathic conditions and peripheral nerve disorders covered in this system includes nerve injury, entrapment, neoplasm, diffuse neuropathy, and post-interventional states. This classification system also describes the temporal MR imaging appearances of regional muscle denervation changes. This review article is based on the multicenter validation study pre-published in American journal of Roentgenology and discusses technical considerations of optimal MR imaging for peripheral nerve evaluation and discusses the NS-RADS classification and its severity scales with illustration of conditions that fall under each classification. The readers can gain knowledge of the NS-RADS classification system and learn to apply it in their practices for improved inter-disciplinary communications and timely patient management.
- MR neurography
- Peripheral nerve
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging