Neuropsychological correlates of Gulf War syndrome

Jim Hom, Robert W. Haley, Thomas L. Kurt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As part of a comprehensive multispecialty project, the present study reports on the neurocognitive and psychological function of veterans who report Persian Gulf War-related symptoms. The neuropsychological and psychological performances of 26 ill Gulf War veterans were compared to 20 well veterans from the same military unit. Neurocognitive functions assessed included intelligence, abstraction and problem-solving, attention and concentration, memory and learning, language and visual-spatial function, and sensorimotor abilities. Psychological function was measured by self-report questionnaires. Results indicated global and consistently poorer intellectual and neurocognitive function among the ill veterans compared to the control veterans. A generalized pattern of neuropsychological deficit was evident for the ill veterans. Psychological profiles of the ill veterans were similar to those in general medical patients. Based on these findings and results from the multispecialty investigation, we conclude that some of the ill veterans have experienced neurotoxic injury resulting in chronic neuropsychological impairment that is related to their service in the Persian Gulf War.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)531-544
Number of pages14
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Fingerprint

Persian Gulf Syndrome
Veterans
Gulf War
Psychology
Indian Ocean
Aptitude
Intelligence
Self Report
Language
Learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

Neuropsychological correlates of Gulf War syndrome. / Hom, Jim; Haley, Robert W.; Kurt, Thomas L.

In: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, Vol. 12, No. 6, 1997, p. 531-544.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hom, Jim ; Haley, Robert W. ; Kurt, Thomas L. / Neuropsychological correlates of Gulf War syndrome. In: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology. 1997 ; Vol. 12, No. 6. pp. 531-544.
@article{71178316f034430a8bc29deb196c278e,
title = "Neuropsychological correlates of Gulf War syndrome",
abstract = "As part of a comprehensive multispecialty project, the present study reports on the neurocognitive and psychological function of veterans who report Persian Gulf War-related symptoms. The neuropsychological and psychological performances of 26 ill Gulf War veterans were compared to 20 well veterans from the same military unit. Neurocognitive functions assessed included intelligence, abstraction and problem-solving, attention and concentration, memory and learning, language and visual-spatial function, and sensorimotor abilities. Psychological function was measured by self-report questionnaires. Results indicated global and consistently poorer intellectual and neurocognitive function among the ill veterans compared to the control veterans. A generalized pattern of neuropsychological deficit was evident for the ill veterans. Psychological profiles of the ill veterans were similar to those in general medical patients. Based on these findings and results from the multispecialty investigation, we conclude that some of the ill veterans have experienced neurotoxic injury resulting in chronic neuropsychological impairment that is related to their service in the Persian Gulf War.",
author = "Jim Hom and Haley, {Robert W.} and Kurt, {Thomas L.}",
year = "1997",
doi = "10.1016/S0887-6177(97)00035-8",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
pages = "531--544",
journal = "Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology",
issn = "0887-6177",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Neuropsychological correlates of Gulf War syndrome

AU - Hom, Jim

AU - Haley, Robert W.

AU - Kurt, Thomas L.

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - As part of a comprehensive multispecialty project, the present study reports on the neurocognitive and psychological function of veterans who report Persian Gulf War-related symptoms. The neuropsychological and psychological performances of 26 ill Gulf War veterans were compared to 20 well veterans from the same military unit. Neurocognitive functions assessed included intelligence, abstraction and problem-solving, attention and concentration, memory and learning, language and visual-spatial function, and sensorimotor abilities. Psychological function was measured by self-report questionnaires. Results indicated global and consistently poorer intellectual and neurocognitive function among the ill veterans compared to the control veterans. A generalized pattern of neuropsychological deficit was evident for the ill veterans. Psychological profiles of the ill veterans were similar to those in general medical patients. Based on these findings and results from the multispecialty investigation, we conclude that some of the ill veterans have experienced neurotoxic injury resulting in chronic neuropsychological impairment that is related to their service in the Persian Gulf War.

AB - As part of a comprehensive multispecialty project, the present study reports on the neurocognitive and psychological function of veterans who report Persian Gulf War-related symptoms. The neuropsychological and psychological performances of 26 ill Gulf War veterans were compared to 20 well veterans from the same military unit. Neurocognitive functions assessed included intelligence, abstraction and problem-solving, attention and concentration, memory and learning, language and visual-spatial function, and sensorimotor abilities. Psychological function was measured by self-report questionnaires. Results indicated global and consistently poorer intellectual and neurocognitive function among the ill veterans compared to the control veterans. A generalized pattern of neuropsychological deficit was evident for the ill veterans. Psychological profiles of the ill veterans were similar to those in general medical patients. Based on these findings and results from the multispecialty investigation, we conclude that some of the ill veterans have experienced neurotoxic injury resulting in chronic neuropsychological impairment that is related to their service in the Persian Gulf War.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030817977&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030817977&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0887-6177(97)00035-8

DO - 10.1016/S0887-6177(97)00035-8

M3 - Article

C2 - 14590665

AN - SCOPUS:0030817977

VL - 12

SP - 531

EP - 544

JO - Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology

JF - Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology

SN - 0887-6177

IS - 6

ER -