Purpose of Review: The purpose of this review is to discuss the updated guideline recommendations on management of dyslipidemia for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease. Recent Findings: The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and European Society of Cardiology/European Atherosclerosis Society (ESC/EAS) published revised cholesterol management guidelines in 2018 and 2019, respectively, to reflect new evidence in the field. Broadly speaking, both emphasize refining cardiovascular disease risk estimation and aggressively lowering low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) with statin and non-statin agents to curb cardiovascular risk. While they share the same guiding principles, there are important differences in the recommendations from both societies including how they define risk categories and goals for LDL-C lowering. Summary: This review summarizes current methods of managing dyslipidemia with a focus on the common themes and notable differences between the 2018 ACC/AHA and 2019 ESC/EAS cholesterol management guidelines.
- Cardiovascular risk
- Low density lipoprotein cholesterol
- Primary prevention
- Risk estimation
- Secondary prevention
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine