Classic pathogeneses of secondary hyperparathyroidism (2HPT), hyperphosphatemia, vitamin D deficiency, and hypocalcemia, have been treated by the administration of phosphorus binders and vitamin D derivatives. However, these therapies have not brought about a successful result. The main reason could be attributed to hypercalcemia resulting from the administration of calcium salts as a phosphorus binder and the calcemic action of vitamin D. To prevent hypercalcemia, non-calcium-containing phosphorus binders and vitamin D analogues, which suppress parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion with minimum calcemic action, have been developed. Furthermore, calcimimetics that stimulate the calcium-sensing receptor of parathyroid cells and suppress PTH secretion are now under clinical trial. Direct injection therapy of vitamin D analogues or calcimimetics into the parathyroid gland also has been reported. These new strategies are expected to effectively and safely suppress 2HPT, which has been resistant to conventional medical treatments.
- Chronic renal failure (CRF)
- Percutaneous calcitriol analogue injection
- Phosphorus binder
- Secondary hyperparathyroidism (2HPT)
- Vitamin D analogue
ASJC Scopus subject areas