Nicotine effects on the regulation of amyloid precursor protein splicing, neurotrophin and glucose transporter RNA levels in aged rats

Lisa M Monteggia, S. P. Arneric, T. Giordano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

It has been reported that an inverse relationship exists between nicotine intake and the incidence of Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Although nicotine has been reported to induce c-fos, in the present study it was shown that this induction does not alter the accumulation of a number of transcripts associated with AD. Altered splicing patterns of Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP) and changes in neurotrophin and glucose transporter expression have been implicated in AD and behavioral deficits in rats. The effects of subacute administration of nicotine (12 mg/ml at 2.3 μl/hr for 14 days) on the abundance levels of APP, glucose transporter(GLUT) and neurotrophin transcripts were determined by rtPCR in the hippocampus, cortex, and striatum of aged (22-24 months) male Wistar rats. No significant differences between saline and nicotine infused rats were detected for APP abundance levels or ratio of the various isoforms. However, both groups had a higher level of APP transcripts containing the Kunitz Protease Inhibitor (KPI) domain in the hippocampus than in either the cortex or striatum. The mean percentages of APP 695 for the two groups were 75% in the hippocampus and 82 and 81% in the cortex and striatum, respectively (P<0.01). No changes in the abundance of GLUT1, GLUT3, nerve growth factor (NGF) or brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) transcripts were detected. However, since both APP and GLUT1 are thought to be regulated post-transcriptionally, the present results do not rule out a change at the protein level. Further work will be required to determine whether nicotine can influence the expression of these proteins which affect neuronal function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-141
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1994

Keywords

  • APP
  • GLUT
  • NGF and BDNF
  • nicotine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Developmental Biology

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