Niemann-Pick C1 expression is not regulated by the amount of cholesterol flowing through cells in the mouse

William S. Garver, Chonglun Xie, Joyce J. Repa, Stephen D. Turley, John M. Dietschy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Niemann-Pick C1 (NPC1) protein functions to regulate the transport of cholesterol from late endosomes/lysosomes to other cellular compartments after lipoprotein uptake through the coated-pit pathway. The present study examines the relative expression of NPC1 mRNA and NPC1 protein in different tissues of the mouse in relation to the uptake of total cholesterol carried in chylomicron remnants (CMr-TC), low density lipoproteins (LDL-TC), cholesteryl ester carried in high density lipoproteins (HDL-CE), and cholesterol synthesis. Results from this study demonstrate that the highest relative expression of NPC1 is in the liver, which is also the tissue with the highest uptake of CMr-TC, LDL-TC, HDL-CE, and cholesterol synthesis. However, there was no similar relation in the remaining tissues. To examine the relative expression of NPC1 in relation to the amount of cholesterol that flowed through the coated-pit pathway, mice were fed a diet supplemented with increasing amounts of cholesterol or cholestyramine. The results from this study demonstrated that there was no relation between the relative expression of NPC1 and the amount of cholesterol that flowed through the coated-pit pathway. We conclude that the relative expression of NPC1 is not regulated by the flow of cholesterol through cells in the mouse and is therefore constitutive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1745-1754
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume46
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2005

Keywords

  • Cholesterol synthesis
  • Coated-pit pathway
  • Late endosomes/lysosomes
  • Lipoprotein-derived cholesterol
  • Mouse tissues

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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