INTRODUCTION: Enteral nimodipine provides a neuroprotective effect in patients who have experienced an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Nimodipine remains the only US Food and Drug Administration-approved medication for aSAH.CONTENT: Nimodipine has been prescribed for patients with aSAH; however, little is known about factors to consider regarding dosing or patient-specific variables that may affect tolerability to nimodipine. Clinical impact of dose or dosing frequency changes has also been much debated based on risk of hypotension with currently approved dosing regimens. CONCLUSION: This review article addresses factors to consider for dosing and administration, pharmacokinetic and pharmacogenetic impact on nimodipine, and, finally, drug interaction considerations to assess as patients are initiated on enteral nimodipine for aSAH.
- Cerebral artery vasospasm
- Subarachnoid hemorrhage
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
- Clinical Neurology