Nitrous oxide analgesia: partial antagonism by naloxone and total reversal after periaqueductal gray lesions in the rat

John R Zuniga, Shirley Joseph, Karl Knigge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Analgesia induced by nitrous oxide was examined using radiant heat tail flick and electrical evoked foot flick tests in rats. Rats exposed to 80 and 60% nitrous oxide expressed statistically significant elevations of percent analgesia (% MPE) compared to air exposed rats. Rats exposed to 30% nitrous oxide showed no significant difference in percent analgesia. Pretreatment with naloxone (10 mg/kg s.c.) produced a significant decrease in % MPE and an increase in variance of response after exposures to 80% nitrous oxide in a double blind study. Kainic acid lesions of the ventral and caudal periaqueductal grey (PAG) reversed analgesia produced by 80% nitrous oxide in a crossover blink study compared to saline lesions. In conclusion, this evidence suggests that the caudal-PAG-raphe mangus-dorsal horn pain inhibition pathway is in part involved in the analgesia induced by nitrous oxide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-60
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume142
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 6 1987

Fingerprint

Periaqueductal Gray
Nitrous Oxide
Naloxone
Analgesia
Kainic Acid
Double-Blind Method
Cross-Over Studies
Tail
Foot
Hot Temperature
Air
Pain

Keywords

  • Analgesia
  • Kainic acid
  • Naloxone
  • Nitrous oxide
  • Opioids
  • Periaqueductal grey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Nitrous oxide analgesia : partial antagonism by naloxone and total reversal after periaqueductal gray lesions in the rat. / Zuniga, John R; Joseph, Shirley; Knigge, Karl.

In: European Journal of Pharmacology, Vol. 142, No. 1, 06.10.1987, p. 51-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Analgesia induced by nitrous oxide was examined using radiant heat tail flick and electrical evoked foot flick tests in rats. Rats exposed to 80 and 60{\%} nitrous oxide expressed statistically significant elevations of percent analgesia ({\%} MPE) compared to air exposed rats. Rats exposed to 30{\%} nitrous oxide showed no significant difference in percent analgesia. Pretreatment with naloxone (10 mg/kg s.c.) produced a significant decrease in {\%} MPE and an increase in variance of response after exposures to 80{\%} nitrous oxide in a double blind study. Kainic acid lesions of the ventral and caudal periaqueductal grey (PAG) reversed analgesia produced by 80{\%} nitrous oxide in a crossover blink study compared to saline lesions. In conclusion, this evidence suggests that the caudal-PAG-raphe mangus-dorsal horn pain inhibition pathway is in part involved in the analgesia induced by nitrous oxide.",
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N2 - Analgesia induced by nitrous oxide was examined using radiant heat tail flick and electrical evoked foot flick tests in rats. Rats exposed to 80 and 60% nitrous oxide expressed statistically significant elevations of percent analgesia (% MPE) compared to air exposed rats. Rats exposed to 30% nitrous oxide showed no significant difference in percent analgesia. Pretreatment with naloxone (10 mg/kg s.c.) produced a significant decrease in % MPE and an increase in variance of response after exposures to 80% nitrous oxide in a double blind study. Kainic acid lesions of the ventral and caudal periaqueductal grey (PAG) reversed analgesia produced by 80% nitrous oxide in a crossover blink study compared to saline lesions. In conclusion, this evidence suggests that the caudal-PAG-raphe mangus-dorsal horn pain inhibition pathway is in part involved in the analgesia induced by nitrous oxide.

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