Nonradioactive analysis of phosphatidylinositides and other anionic phospholipids by anion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography with suppressed conductivity detection

Cem Nasuhoglu, Siyi Feng, Janping Mao, Masaya Yamamoto, Helen L. Yin, Svetlana Earnest, Barbara Barylko, Joseph P. Albanesi, Donald W. Hilgemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

99 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-biphosphate (PIP2) modulates the function of numerous ion transporters and channels, as well as cell signaling and cytoskeletal proteins. To study PIP2 levels of cells without radiolabeling, we have developed a new method to quantify anionic phospholipid species. Phospholipids are extracted and deacylated to glycero-head groups, which are then separated by anion-exchange HPLC and detected by suppressed conductivity measurements. The major anionic head groups can be quantified in single runs with practical detection limits of about 100 pmol, and the D3 isoforms of phosphatidylinositol phosphate (PIP) and PIP2 are detected as shoulder peaks. In HeLa, Hek 293 and COS cells, as well as intact heart, PIP2 amounts to 0.5 to 1.5% of total anionic phospholipid (10 to 30 μmol/liter cell water or 0.15 to 0.45 nmol/mg protein). In cell cultures, overexpression of Type I PIP5-kinase specifically increases PIP2, whereas overexpression of Type II PI4-kinase can increase both PIP and PIP2. Phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP3) and the D3 isomers of PIP2 are detected after treatment of cells with pervanadate; in yeast, overexpression of a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (VPS34) specifically increases phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PI3P). Using isolated cardiac membranes, lipid kinase and lipid phosphatase activities can be monitored with the same methods. Upon addition of ATP, PIP increases while PIP2 remains low; exogenous PIP2 is rapidly degraded to PIP and phosphatidylinositol (PI). In summary, the HPLC methods described here can be used to probe multiple aspects of phosphatidylinositide (Pride) metabolism without radiolabeling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-254
Number of pages12
JournalAnalytical biochemistry
Volume301
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2002

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Keywords

  • Anionic phospholipids
  • Cardiolipin
  • HPLC
  • PIP
  • Phosphatidic acid
  • Phosphatidylinositol
  • Phosphatidylserine
  • Phospholipid detection
  • Suppressed conductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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