Xenotransplantation between discordant species leads to a hyperacute rejection mediated by natural antibodies, both of the IgG and IgM isotypes, activation of complement and endothelial cell activation. The combination of these mechanisms leads to a transplant survival of minutes to a few hours. Polyclonal human immunoglobulins for intravenous use (IVIg) from normal donors have proved effective in a number of antibody-mediated disorders, as well as in inflammatory disorders. We demonstrate that administration of IVIg in a guinea pig to rat model of cardiac xenografting can effectively delay hyperacute rejection. This effect is mediated by the F(ab')2 fragments of IVIg, and is correlated to an and-complementary activity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy