Normal left ventricular ejection fraction in older persons with congestive heart failure

Wilbert S. Aronow, Chul Ahn, Itzhak Kronzon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study objectives: To investigate in older patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) associated with prior myocardial infarction or hypertension the relationship between normal left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction and age, gender, hypertension, prior myocardial infarction, and atrial fibrillation. Design: A prospective study was performed in 572 older patients (age >60 years) with CHF associated with prior myocardial infarction or hypertension and technically adequate two-dimensional echocardiograms for measuring LV ejection fraction. Setting: A long-term health-care facility. Patients: One hundred seventy-seven men and 395 women, mean age 82±8 years, with CHF associated with prior myocardial infarction or hypertension. Measurements and results: Normal LV ejection fraction (≤50%) occurred in 66 of 177 men (37%) and in 221 of 395 women (56%) (p<0.0001). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that independent risk factors for normal LV ejection fraction in patients with CHF were no prior myocardial infarction (p=0.0001; odds ratio=3.048), female gender (p=0.0004; odds ratio=1.978), and age (p=0.016; odds ratio= 1.029). Conclusions: Normal LV ejection fraction occurred in 50% of 572 older patients with CHF associated with prior myocardial infarction or hypertension. Independent risk factors for normal LV ejection fraction in patients with CHF were no prior myocardial infarction, female gender, and age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)867-869
Number of pages3
JournalCHEST
Volume113
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

Keywords

  • Age
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Female gender
  • Hypertension
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction
  • Myocardial infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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