Novel mutations in the respiratory syncytial virus G gene identified in viral isolates from a girl with severe combined immune deficiency treated with intravenous immune globulin

Isaac Lazar, Allon Canaan, Carla Weibel, Jeffrey Kahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) can cause prolonged infections in individuals with compromised immunity. Objectives: To investigate whether RSV evolves during prolonged infection in an immunocompromised host. Study design: We sequenced the envalope glycoprotein genes of RSV obtained at three time points during a 59-day period from a 4-year-old female with severe combined immune deficiency (SCID) treated with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). Results: Sporadic silent mutations were found in the SH, G and F genes among three RSV samples collected at days 0, 19 and 59. Premature stop codons at amino acid positions 257 and 278 were present in the RSV G glycoprotein gene sequenced from each time point. None of the 48 RSV G sequences available on GenBank or any of 50 genetically diverse clinical isolates of RSV contained these mutations. These premature stop codon mutations occurred at the same positions of the G glycoprotein gene as those described in in vitro monoclonal-antibody resistant mutants reported elsewhere. Conclusion: Our patient was most likely infected with a single RSV strain that did not mutate during the study period. This strain contains unique mutations that may have previously evolved in this individual who had prolonged infection and was treated with monthly IVIG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-173
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Virology
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2006

Keywords

  • Clinical isolates
  • G glycoprotein mutations
  • IVIG
  • Premature stop codon
  • Respiratory infections
  • Respiratory syncytial virus
  • SCID

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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