Background: Neither profiles nor prognostic value of cardiac N-terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP) have been prospectively evaluated in a sufficient number of patients with severe chronic heart failure (CHF) treated with carvedilol or placebo. Methods: Baseline and follow-up plasma concentrations of NT-proBNP were measured in the European part of the COPERNICUS Trial. This study enrolled patients with an ejection fraction <25% and symptoms of CHF at rest or on minimal exertion, equally randomized to placebo or carvedilol. Results: NT-proBNP concentrations were increased at baseline (mean±S.D.= 579±822 pmol/l, median=322.5 pmol/l) with a marked decrease during follow-up in the carvedilol, but not in the placebo group. One-year mortality rates were 3.9, 12 and 27.9% in the lower, middle and upper tertiles of NT-proBNP, respectively. When mortality was calculated separately in the placebo and carvedilol group, rates were 0.8, 6.3 and 19.1% in the carvedilol treated but 6.7, 17.9 and 36.9% in the placebo treated patients. Conclusions: NT-proBNP was a powerful predictor of subsequent all-cause mortality in patients with severe CHF. This marker should therefore be further evaluated for risk stratification and monitoring of therapy in CHF.
- Heart failure
- Natriuretic peptides
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine