Nuclear imprisonment: Viral strategies to arrest host mRNA nuclear export

Sharon K. Kuss, Miguel A. Mata, Liang Zhang, Beatriz M A Fontoura

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


Viruses possess many strategies to impair host cellular responses to infection. Nuclear export of host messenger RNAs (mRNA) that encode antiviral factors is critical for antiviral protein production and control of viral infections. Several viruses have evolved sophisticated strategies to inhibit nuclear export of host mRNAs, including targeting mRNA export factors and nucleoporins to compromise their roles in nucleo-cytoplasmic trafficking of cellular mRNA. Here, we present a review of research focused on suppression of host mRNA nuclear export by viruses, including influenza A virus and vesicular stomatitis virus, and the impact of this viral suppression on host antiviral responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1824-1849
Number of pages26
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 18 2013


  • CRM1
  • Influenza virus
  • Matrix protein
  • NS1
  • NXF1
  • Nuclear export
  • Nucleo-cytoplasmic trafficking
  • Rae1
  • TAP
  • VSV
  • Vesicular stomatitis virus
  • Virus
  • mRNA export

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology


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