Nuclear Role of IκB Kinase-γ/NF-κB Essential Modulator (IKKγ/NEMO) in NF-κB-dependent Gene Expression

Udit N. Verma, Yumi Yamamoto, Shashi Prajapati, Richard B. Gaynor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations


The IκB kinase (IKK) complex, which is composed of the two kinases IKKα and IKKβ and the regulatory subunit IKKγ/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) essential modulator (NEMO), is important in the cytokine-induced activation of the NF-κB pathway. In addition to modulation of IKK activity, the NF-κB pathway is also regulated by other processes, including the nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of various components of this pathway and the post-translational modification of factors bound to NF-κB-dependent promoters. In this study, we explored the role of the nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of components of the IKK complex in the regulation of the NF-κB pathway. IKKγ/NEMO was demonstrated to shuttle between the cytoplasm and the nucleus and to interact with the nuclear coactivator cAMP-responsive element-binding protein-binding protein (CBP). Using both in vitro and in vivo analysis, we demonstrated that IKKγ/NEMO competed with p65 and IKKα for binding to the N terminus of CBP, inhibiting CBP-dependent transcriptional activation. These results indicate that, in addition to the key role of IKKγ/NEMO in regulating cytokine-induced IKK activity, its ability to shuttle between the cytoplasm and the nucleus and to bind to CBP can lead to transcriptional repression of the NF-κB pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3509-3515
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 30 2004


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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