Nucleus A10 dopaminergic neurons in inbred mouse strains: Firing rate and autoreceptor sensitivity are independent of the number of cells in the nucleus

G. L. Bernardini, X. Gu, D. C. German

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inbred mouse strains have different numbers of midbrain dopaminergic neurons; for example, BALB/cJ mice have 20-25% more neurons than CBA/J mice. As the number of cells decrease, for example in Parkinson's disease and in animals with midbrain dopaminergic cell lesions, the activity of their remaining cells increases. The purpose of the present experiment was to determine whether the functional properties of dopaminergic neurons in the ventral tegmental area (nucleus A10) differ in inbred mouse strains which possess different numbers of cells. The firing rate and autoreceptor sensitivity of A10 dopaminergic cells were examined in the in vitro slice preparation in BALB/cJ, C3H/HeJ, CBA/J, and DBA/2J mouse strains. It was observed that the autoreceptors on mouse dopaminergic neurons exhibit pharmacological properties of dopamine autoreceptors; activation of the autoreceptor produced a marked inhibition (50-70%) in cell firing rate by quinpirole (10-8 M), LY-141865 (10-7 M), (+)-3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-n-propyl-piperidine (10-6 M), propyl-norapomorphine (10-5 M) and dopamine (10-4 M), and this inhibition was blocked or reversed by specific dopamine D2 receptor antagonists [(-) sulphide and spiroperidol, 10-6 M]. The baseline firing rates of the A10 cells did not differ among the four inbred strains [range 2.5 ± 0.2 (C3H/HeJ)-3.4 ± 0.3 (CBA/J) spikes/s ±SEM], and there was no significant difference in autoreceptor sensitivity among the mouse strains as assessed either by superfused dopamine (inhibitory dose 50% ≈150 μM), or by superfused quinpirole (inhibitory dose 50% ≈10 nM). These data indicate that differences in A10 cell numbers of 30% do not significantly influence the baseline firing rate or autoreceptor sensitivity of the cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-168
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1991

Keywords

  • Dopaminergic neurons
  • Electrophysiology
  • Inbred mouse strains
  • Quinpirole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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