Oat cell carcinoma is rarely diagnosed in the head and neck and can be primary or secondary. Primary tumors arise from amine precursor uptake and decarboxylation cells which are found throughout the head and neck. Secondary deposits metastasize most commonly from the lungs. We report a 64-year-old woman with a known pancreatic oat cell carcinoma who came to the ENT Department with dysphagia. On examination, a lesion was seen at the base of the tongue and was histologically an oat cell carcinoma. No treatment was administered and the patient died one month after discharge. This report highlights the difficulty in determining the primary site when a rare tumor metastasizes to the head and neck and no autopsy findings are obtained. To our knowledge, oat cell carcinoma of the tongue has not been previously reported.
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