Obesity is a major underlying risk factor for ASCVD. It is associated with multiple ASCVD risk factors, and it also is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Diabetes itself is a cardiovascular risk factor. Despite the strong association between obesity and ASCVD, the mechanisms underlying this relationship are not well understood. Our understanding of the connection between obesity and vascular disease is complicated by a plethora of possibilities. Obesity acts on so many metabolic pathways, producing so many potential risk factors, that it is virtually impossible to differentiate between the more important and less important. The possibilities for confounding variables are enormous. This complexity provides a great challenge for basic and clinical research. It also raises the possibility for new targets of therapy for the metabolic syndrome. With this said, the fundamental challenge is how to intervene at the public health level to reduce the high prevalence of obesity in the general population. This approach offers the greatest possibility for reducing the cardiovascular risk that accompanies obesity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical