Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common breathing disorder during sleep that has many implications beyond disrupted sleep. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition recognizes three sleep-related breathing disorders— OSA, central sleep apnea, and sleep-related hypoventilation. OSA has many overlapping symptoms with depression, and is increasingly recognized as an independent risk factor for hypertension and cardiovascular disease. It is crucial for mental health providers to remain vigilant in recognizing patients with signs and symptoms consistent with OSA. This review focuses on updates in terminology and testing, complications of untreated OSA, and its relationship with mental disorders.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health