Obstructive uropathy

Amy Becker, Michel Baum

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Routine second trimester ultrasound screening has resulted in more infants diagnosed with antenatal hydronephrosis. Current recommendations suggest postnatal evaluation of all infants with a renal pelvic diameter > 5 mm with ultrasound and voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG.) There are many etiologies of obstructive uropathy including ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction, ureterovesical junction (UVJ) obstruction, posterior urethral valves (PUV), prune belly syndrome, and vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Obstructive uropathy can result in tubular damage and decreased nephron number. Tubular damage can result in sodium wasting, hyperkalemic acidosis, and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. Most patients do not require renal replacement therapy in the neonatal period; however, chronic renal insufficiency can occur if the neonate has a significant reduction in nephron number or progressive renal damage from obstruction or infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-22
Number of pages8
JournalEarly Human Development
Volume82
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

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Keywords

  • Antenatal hydronephrosis
  • Neonates
  • Vesicoureteral reflux

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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