Older Adults, "Malignant" Left VentricularHypertrophy, and Associated Cardiac-Specific Biomarker Phenotypes toIdentify the Differential Risk of New-OnsetReduced Versus PreservedEjectionFraction Heart Failure: CHS (CardiovascularHealth

Stephen L. Seliger, James A de Lemos, Ian J Neeland, Robert Christenson, John Gottdiener, Mark H Drazner, Jarett D Berry, John Sorkin, Christopher deFilippi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: This study hypothesized that biomarkers of subclinical myocardial injury (high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T [hs-cTnT]) and hemodynamic stress (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide [NT-proBNP]) would differentiate heartfailure (HF) risk among older adults with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Background: The natural history of LVH, an important risk factor for HF, is heterogeneous. Methods: NT-proBNP and hs-cTnT were measured at baseline and after 2 to 3 years in older adults without prior HF or myocardial infarction in the CHS (Cardiovascular Health Study). LVH and left ventricular ejection fraction were determined by echocardiography. HF events were adjudicated over a median of 13.1 years and classified as preserved or reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (heart failure with preserved ejection fraction or heart failure with reduced ejection fraction [HFrEF]). Adjusted risk of HF by LVH and biomarker tertiles, and by LVH and longitudinal increase in each biomarker was estimated using Cox regression. Results: Prevalence of LVH was 12.5% among 2,347 participants with complete measures. Adjusted risk of HF (N=643 events) was approximately 3.8-fold higher among participants with LVH and in the highest biomarker tertile, compared with those with low biomarker levels without LVH (NT-proBNP, hazard ratio [HR]: 3.78; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.78 to 5.15 and hs-cTnT, HR: 3.86; 95% CI: 2.84 to 5.26). The adjusted risk of HFrEF was 7.8 times higher among those with the highest tertile of hs-cTnT and LVH (HR: 7.83; 95% CI: 4.43 to 13.83). Those with LVH and longitudinal increases in hs-cTnT or NT-proBNP were approximately 3-fold more likely to develop HF, primarily HFrEF, compared with those without LVH and with stable biomarkers. Conclusions: The combination of LVH with greater hs-cTnT or NT-proBNP levels, and their longitudinal increase, identifies older adults at highest risk for symptomatic HF, especially HFrEF. These biomarkers may characterize sub-phenotypes in the transition from LVH to HF and suggest modifiable targets for prevention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)445-455
Number of pages11
JournalJACC: Heart Failure
Volume3
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Heart failure
  • Left ventricular hypertrophy
  • Natriuretic peptides
  • Troponin T

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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