Oligomerization of hamster UDP-GlcNAc:dolichol-P GlcNAc-1-P transferase, an enzyme with multiple transmembrane spans

Ning Dan, Mark A. Lehrman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hamster UDP-GlcNAc:dolichol-P GlcNAc-1-P transferase (GPT), which initiates N-linked glycosylation by catalyzing the synthesis of GlcNAc-P-P- dolichol, has multiple transmembrane spans and a catalytic site that probably exists on the cytosolic face of the endoplasmic reticulum membrane (Dan, N., Middleton, R. M., and Lehrman, M. A. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 30717- 30725). In this report, we demonstrate that GPT forms functional oligomers, probably dimers. Oligomers were detected by chemical cross-linking of GPT and by a dominant-negative effect caused by co-expression of enzymatically inactive (but properly folded) GPT mutants. The GPT mutants had no effect on two other dolichol-P-dependent endoplasmic reticulum enzymes. Mixing experiments indicated that mature GPT was competent for oligomerization. Oligomerization appeared to be favored in detergent extracts compared with intact microsomes. Detergent treatments were found to prevent, rather than promote, nonspecific aggregation of GPT. These results demonstrate that GPT subunits can physically interact and influence each other. The implications of oligomerization for enzyme function are discussed. From these results, we conclude that GPT is one of a very small number of multitransmembrane span enzymes that can form multimers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14214-14219
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume272
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - May 30 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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