OBJECTIVE: To study the day-night variation of omentin-1 levels and assess whether leptin and/or short- and long-term energy deprivation alter circulating omentin-1 levels via cytokines. DESIGN AND METHODS: Omentin-1 levels were measured hourly in serum samples from six healthy men to evaluate for day-night variation. To study effects of acute energy deprivation and of leptin administration, eight healthy subjects were studied in the fasting state for 72 h with administration of either placebo or metreleptin (recombinant human leptin) in physiologic replacement doses. We evaluated the effect of leptin in pharmacologic doses on serum omentin-1 and cytokine levels, as well as on omentin-1 levels in ex vivo omental adipose tissue, in 15 healthy volunteers. To study the effect of chronic energy deprivation and weight loss on omentin-1 levels, we followed 18 obese subjects for 12 months who underwent bariatric surgery. RESULTS: There is no day-night variation in omentin-1 levels. Short-term and chronic energy deprivation, as well as ex vivo leptin administration and physiologic replacement doses of leptin, do not alter omentin-1 levels; pharmacologic doses of metreleptin reduce omentin-1 levels, whereas levels of tumor necrosis factor-α receptor II and interleukin-6 tend to increase. CONCLUSIONS: Omentin-1 levels are reduced by pharmacologic doses of metreleptin independent of effects on cytokine levels.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics