"On-Top Plasty" for Radial Polydactyly Reconstruction

Bryce Bell, Lesley Butler, Janith Mills, Chris Stutz, Marybeth Ezaki, Scott Oishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To introduce the "on-top plasty" technique and report our long-term outcomes. Methods: We evaluated 5 thumbs in 5 patients who underwent radial polydactyly reconstruction using the "on-top plasty" technique between 1998 and 2003. This technique was used when it was felt that neither thumb possessed adequate proximal and distal structures to provide a functional and aesthetically pleasing thumb. Our study group included 1 Flatt type III and 4 Flatt type VII thumbs. The average age at time of surgery was 1.4 years and at final follow-up was 13.5 years. Subjective patient evaluation, objective outcomes values, and validated patient-oriented outcome measures were obtained. Results: There was no soft tissue loss and union was achieved in all thumbs with no further surgery required in any thumb. Mean flexion-extension arc for the metacarpophalangeal joint was 60° (range, 10° extension to 70° flexion) and at the interphalangeal joint was 19° (range, 25° extension to 35° flexion). Mean percentage of age-matched norms for lateral, tripod, and tip pinch were 47.0%, 45.9%, and 47.8%, respectively. Mean grip strength was 54.2% of age-matched norm. The mean Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) score for parent questionnaires was 89.0 and for teen/child questionnaires was 89.1. The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire revealed a mean score of 4.3. Conclusions: For patients with radial polydactyly in which neither thumb possesses adequate distal and proximal components, the on-top plasty is a reliable method of polydactyly reconstruction with durable results at longer than 10 years' follow-up. Type of study/level of evidence: Therapeutic V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Hand Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

Polydactyly
Thumb
Metacarpophalangeal Joint
Hand Strength
Arm
Hand
Joints
Quality of Life
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Pediatrics
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • On-top plasty
  • Radial polydactyly
  • Thumb duplication
  • Thumb polydactyly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

"On-Top Plasty" for Radial Polydactyly Reconstruction. / Bell, Bryce; Butler, Lesley; Mills, Janith; Stutz, Chris; Ezaki, Marybeth; Oishi, Scott.

In: Journal of Hand Surgery, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Oishi, Scott

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N2 - Purpose: To introduce the "on-top plasty" technique and report our long-term outcomes. Methods: We evaluated 5 thumbs in 5 patients who underwent radial polydactyly reconstruction using the "on-top plasty" technique between 1998 and 2003. This technique was used when it was felt that neither thumb possessed adequate proximal and distal structures to provide a functional and aesthetically pleasing thumb. Our study group included 1 Flatt type III and 4 Flatt type VII thumbs. The average age at time of surgery was 1.4 years and at final follow-up was 13.5 years. Subjective patient evaluation, objective outcomes values, and validated patient-oriented outcome measures were obtained. Results: There was no soft tissue loss and union was achieved in all thumbs with no further surgery required in any thumb. Mean flexion-extension arc for the metacarpophalangeal joint was 60° (range, 10° extension to 70° flexion) and at the interphalangeal joint was 19° (range, 25° extension to 35° flexion). Mean percentage of age-matched norms for lateral, tripod, and tip pinch were 47.0%, 45.9%, and 47.8%, respectively. Mean grip strength was 54.2% of age-matched norm. The mean Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) score for parent questionnaires was 89.0 and for teen/child questionnaires was 89.1. The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire revealed a mean score of 4.3. Conclusions: For patients with radial polydactyly in which neither thumb possesses adequate distal and proximal components, the on-top plasty is a reliable method of polydactyly reconstruction with durable results at longer than 10 years' follow-up. Type of study/level of evidence: Therapeutic V.

AB - Purpose: To introduce the "on-top plasty" technique and report our long-term outcomes. Methods: We evaluated 5 thumbs in 5 patients who underwent radial polydactyly reconstruction using the "on-top plasty" technique between 1998 and 2003. This technique was used when it was felt that neither thumb possessed adequate proximal and distal structures to provide a functional and aesthetically pleasing thumb. Our study group included 1 Flatt type III and 4 Flatt type VII thumbs. The average age at time of surgery was 1.4 years and at final follow-up was 13.5 years. Subjective patient evaluation, objective outcomes values, and validated patient-oriented outcome measures were obtained. Results: There was no soft tissue loss and union was achieved in all thumbs with no further surgery required in any thumb. Mean flexion-extension arc for the metacarpophalangeal joint was 60° (range, 10° extension to 70° flexion) and at the interphalangeal joint was 19° (range, 25° extension to 35° flexion). Mean percentage of age-matched norms for lateral, tripod, and tip pinch were 47.0%, 45.9%, and 47.8%, respectively. Mean grip strength was 54.2% of age-matched norm. The mean Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) score for parent questionnaires was 89.0 and for teen/child questionnaires was 89.1. The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire revealed a mean score of 4.3. Conclusions: For patients with radial polydactyly in which neither thumb possesses adequate distal and proximal components, the on-top plasty is a reliable method of polydactyly reconstruction with durable results at longer than 10 years' follow-up. Type of study/level of evidence: Therapeutic V.

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KW - Radial polydactyly

KW - Thumb duplication

KW - Thumb polydactyly

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