Onset and persistence of postpartum depression in an inner-city maternal health clinic system

K. A. Yonkers, S. M. Ramin, A. J. Rush, C. A. Navarrete, T. Carmody, D. March, S. F. Heartwell, K. J. Leveno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

245 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Postpartum depressive disorders lead to maternal disability and disturbed mother-infant relationships, but information regarding the rates of major depressive disorder in minority women is noticeably lacking. The goal of this study was to determine whether the risk factors for and rate of postpartum major depressive disorder in a predominantly African American and Hispanic clinic population would be similar to those reported for Caucasian women. Method: Investigators systematically screened all women scheduled for their first postpartum visit on selected days at four publicly funded inner-city community maternal health clinics in Dallas County (N=802). A multistage screening process included the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, the Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology, and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV for a maximum of three assessments during the initial 3-5-week postpartum period. Results: The estimated rate of major depressive disorder during the postpartum period among women in this setting was between 6.5% and 8.5%. Only 50% of the depressed women reported onset following birth. Bottle-feeding and not living with one's spouse or significant other were associated with depression at the first evaluation; persistent depressive symptoms were linked with the presence of other young children at home. Greater severity of depressive symptoms at first contact predicted major depressive disorder several weeks later. Conclusions: Rates of postpartum depression among Latina and African American postpartum women are similar to epidemiologic rates for Caucasian postpartum and nonpostpartum women. As previously shown for Caucasian women, major depressive disorder in many Latina and African American postpartum women begins before delivery, revealing the need to screen pregnant women for depression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1856-1863
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Volume158
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

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Postpartum Depression
Postpartum Period
Major Depressive Disorder
Hispanic Americans
African Americans
Depression
Mothers
Bottle Feeding
Maternal Health
Depressive Disorder
Spouses
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Pregnant Women
Research Personnel
Parturition
Interviews
Equipment and Supplies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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Onset and persistence of postpartum depression in an inner-city maternal health clinic system. / Yonkers, K. A.; Ramin, S. M.; Rush, A. J.; Navarrete, C. A.; Carmody, T.; March, D.; Heartwell, S. F.; Leveno, K. J.

In: American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 158, No. 11, 2001, p. 1856-1863.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yonkers, K. A. ; Ramin, S. M. ; Rush, A. J. ; Navarrete, C. A. ; Carmody, T. ; March, D. ; Heartwell, S. F. ; Leveno, K. J. / Onset and persistence of postpartum depression in an inner-city maternal health clinic system. In: American Journal of Psychiatry. 2001 ; Vol. 158, No. 11. pp. 1856-1863.
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