Operating room practices for the control of infection in U.S. hospitals, October 1976 to July 1977

J. S. Garner, T. G. Emori, R. W. Haley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We estimated the frequency of selected infection control practices in the operating room from a nationwide survey of hospitals. Our survey confirmed that, in many hospitals, practices which have not received scientific or budgetary scrutiny have become part of the perioperative routine. Almost half of the hospitals reported using nonrecommended tacky, or disinfectant, mats at the entrance to operating rooms, and more than three-fourths were performing nonrecommended environmental cultures in the operating room at a cost ranging from $2,000 to $20,000 per year. When routine nose and throat cultures were taken of operating room personnel, we found an obvious pecking order, rather than a scientific rationale for culturing. In almost all instances, we found wide variations in practice among hospitals. This nonuniformity may be due to such factors as lack of a convincing scientific basis for evaluating the relative efficacy of alternative practices, the strong influence of industry marketing, the individual preferences of surgeons and operating room supervisors and the lack of completeness and agreement of statements from various scientific and professional organizations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)873-880
Number of pages8
JournalSurgery Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume155
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1982

Fingerprint

Operating Rooms
Infection Control
Disinfectants
Pharynx
Marketing
Nose
Industry
Costs and Cost Analysis
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Surgery

Cite this

Operating room practices for the control of infection in U.S. hospitals, October 1976 to July 1977. / Garner, J. S.; Emori, T. G.; Haley, R. W.

In: Surgery Gynecology and Obstetrics, Vol. 155, No. 6, 1982, p. 873-880.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{5c9e2082e7a942c4a56a23c13c366642,
title = "Operating room practices for the control of infection in U.S. hospitals, October 1976 to July 1977",
abstract = "We estimated the frequency of selected infection control practices in the operating room from a nationwide survey of hospitals. Our survey confirmed that, in many hospitals, practices which have not received scientific or budgetary scrutiny have become part of the perioperative routine. Almost half of the hospitals reported using nonrecommended tacky, or disinfectant, mats at the entrance to operating rooms, and more than three-fourths were performing nonrecommended environmental cultures in the operating room at a cost ranging from $2,000 to $20,000 per year. When routine nose and throat cultures were taken of operating room personnel, we found an obvious pecking order, rather than a scientific rationale for culturing. In almost all instances, we found wide variations in practice among hospitals. This nonuniformity may be due to such factors as lack of a convincing scientific basis for evaluating the relative efficacy of alternative practices, the strong influence of industry marketing, the individual preferences of surgeons and operating room supervisors and the lack of completeness and agreement of statements from various scientific and professional organizations.",
author = "Garner, {J. S.} and Emori, {T. G.} and Haley, {R. W.}",
year = "1982",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "155",
pages = "873--880",
journal = "Journal of the American College of Surgeons",
issn = "1072-7515",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Operating room practices for the control of infection in U.S. hospitals, October 1976 to July 1977

AU - Garner, J. S.

AU - Emori, T. G.

AU - Haley, R. W.

PY - 1982

Y1 - 1982

N2 - We estimated the frequency of selected infection control practices in the operating room from a nationwide survey of hospitals. Our survey confirmed that, in many hospitals, practices which have not received scientific or budgetary scrutiny have become part of the perioperative routine. Almost half of the hospitals reported using nonrecommended tacky, or disinfectant, mats at the entrance to operating rooms, and more than three-fourths were performing nonrecommended environmental cultures in the operating room at a cost ranging from $2,000 to $20,000 per year. When routine nose and throat cultures were taken of operating room personnel, we found an obvious pecking order, rather than a scientific rationale for culturing. In almost all instances, we found wide variations in practice among hospitals. This nonuniformity may be due to such factors as lack of a convincing scientific basis for evaluating the relative efficacy of alternative practices, the strong influence of industry marketing, the individual preferences of surgeons and operating room supervisors and the lack of completeness and agreement of statements from various scientific and professional organizations.

AB - We estimated the frequency of selected infection control practices in the operating room from a nationwide survey of hospitals. Our survey confirmed that, in many hospitals, practices which have not received scientific or budgetary scrutiny have become part of the perioperative routine. Almost half of the hospitals reported using nonrecommended tacky, or disinfectant, mats at the entrance to operating rooms, and more than three-fourths were performing nonrecommended environmental cultures in the operating room at a cost ranging from $2,000 to $20,000 per year. When routine nose and throat cultures were taken of operating room personnel, we found an obvious pecking order, rather than a scientific rationale for culturing. In almost all instances, we found wide variations in practice among hospitals. This nonuniformity may be due to such factors as lack of a convincing scientific basis for evaluating the relative efficacy of alternative practices, the strong influence of industry marketing, the individual preferences of surgeons and operating room supervisors and the lack of completeness and agreement of statements from various scientific and professional organizations.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0020463884&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0020463884&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 6755779

AN - SCOPUS:0020463884

VL - 155

SP - 873

EP - 880

JO - Journal of the American College of Surgeons

JF - Journal of the American College of Surgeons

SN - 1072-7515

IS - 6

ER -