Operative preparation of the patient for heart surgery: Airway and ventilation, vascular access and monitoring

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Airway and ventilation management are key components in the perioperative management of patients with congenital heart disease. Diverse cardiovascular pathophysiology mandates individualized management, as ventilatory strategy can significantly influence cardiorespiratory interactions. Many patients with congenital heart disease have associated airway anomalies. Airway and respiratory complications are an important cause of morbidity after cardiac surgery. Inhaled nitric oxide has become a valuable treatment in the perioperative management of certain groups of patients. Establishing vascular access and invasive hemodynamic monitoring are also essential components during the perioperative period. The use of real-time ultrasound imaging has greatly increased the safety and efficiency of line placement. Other monitoring modalities such as near-infrared spectroscopy may provide additional useful information about vital organ function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPediatric and Congenital Cardiology, Cardiac Surgery and Intensive Care
PublisherSpringer-Verlag London Ltd
Pages573-624
Number of pages52
ISBN (Electronic)9781447146193
ISBN (Print)9781447146186
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Thoracic Surgery
Blood Vessels
Ventilation
Heart Diseases
Perioperative Period
Airway Management
Near-Infrared Spectroscopy
Ultrasonography
Nitric Oxide
Hemodynamics
Morbidity
Safety
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Airway
  • Airway complications
  • Anesthesia
  • Cardiorespiratory interactions
  • Difficult airway
  • Endotracheal tubes
  • Inhaled nitric oxide
  • Lateral decubitus position
  • Lung isolation
  • Mixed venous oxygen saturation
  • Modes of ventilation
  • Monitoring
  • Near-infrared spectroscopy
  • Neuromonitoring
  • Phrenic nerve injury
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Subglottic stenosis
  • Vascular access
  • Ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Ullah, S., & Zabala, L. M. (2014). Operative preparation of the patient for heart surgery: Airway and ventilation, vascular access and monitoring. In Pediatric and Congenital Cardiology, Cardiac Surgery and Intensive Care (pp. 573-624). Springer-Verlag London Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4619-3_148

Operative preparation of the patient for heart surgery : Airway and ventilation, vascular access and monitoring. / Ullah, Sana; Zabala, Luis M.

Pediatric and Congenital Cardiology, Cardiac Surgery and Intensive Care. Springer-Verlag London Ltd, 2014. p. 573-624.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Ullah, S & Zabala, LM 2014, Operative preparation of the patient for heart surgery: Airway and ventilation, vascular access and monitoring. in Pediatric and Congenital Cardiology, Cardiac Surgery and Intensive Care. Springer-Verlag London Ltd, pp. 573-624. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4619-3_148
Ullah S, Zabala LM. Operative preparation of the patient for heart surgery: Airway and ventilation, vascular access and monitoring. In Pediatric and Congenital Cardiology, Cardiac Surgery and Intensive Care. Springer-Verlag London Ltd. 2014. p. 573-624 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4619-3_148
Ullah, Sana ; Zabala, Luis M. / Operative preparation of the patient for heart surgery : Airway and ventilation, vascular access and monitoring. Pediatric and Congenital Cardiology, Cardiac Surgery and Intensive Care. Springer-Verlag London Ltd, 2014. pp. 573-624
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