This study examined the effects of a novel orally active 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid analog (EET-A) on blood pressure (BP) and myocardial infarct size (IS) in two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C) Goldblatt hypertensive rats during sustained phase of hypertension. Between days 31 and 35 after clip placement the rats were treated with EET-A and BP was monitored by radiotelemetry; sham-operated normotensive rats were used as controls. Tissue concentrations of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids served as a marker of production of epoxygenase metabolites. The rats were subjected to acute myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and IS was determined. We found that EET-A treatment did not lower BP in 2K1C rats and did not alter availability of biologically active epoxygenase metabolites in 2K1C or in sham-operated rats. The myocardial IS was significantly smaller in untreated 2K1C rats as compared with normotensive controls and EET-A reduced it in controls but not in 2K1C rats. Our findings suggest that during the phase of sustained hypertension 2K1C Goldblatt hypertensive rats exhibit increased cardiac tolerance to I/R injury as compared with normotensive controls, and that in this animal model of human renovascular hypertension short-term treatment with EET-A does not induce any antihypertensive and cardioprotective actions.
- 14,15-Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid analog
- Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury
- Renin-angiotensin system
- Renovascular hypertension
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine