Orexin-induced hyperlocomotion and stereotypy are mediated by the dopaminergic system

Toshiaki Nakamura, Kazuhide Uramura, Tadahiro Nambu, Toshihiko Yada, Katsutoshi Goto, Masashi Yanagisawa, Takeshi Sakurai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

289 Scopus citations

Abstract

We demonstrated involvement of the ventral tegmental area (VTA) dopaminergic system in orexin-induced hyperlocomotion and stereotypy in rats. In double-label immunohistochemical study of rat brain, we found that tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-immunoreactive cells in the VTA received innervation from orexin immunoreactive-fibers. Orexin-A induced an increase in [Ca2+](i) in isolated A10 dopamine neurons in a dose-dependent manner. In behavioral studies, we found that orexin-A induced hyperlocomotion, stereotypy and grooming behavior when administered centrally in rats, and these effects were abolished by dopamine D2 (haloperidol and sulpiride) or D1 (SCH23390) antagonists. These results suggest that the orexin-induced hyperlocomotion, stereotypy and grooming behavior are mediated by the dopaminergic system and this pathway might be involved in orexin-induced emotional responses. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-187
Number of pages7
JournalBrain Research
Volume873
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 4 2000

Keywords

  • Hyperlocomotion
  • Orexin
  • Stereotypy, Dopamine
  • Ventral tegmental area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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