In order to determine the role of fructose (Fru) 2,6-P2 in stimulation of phosphofructokinase in ischemic liver, tissue contents of Fru-2,6-P2, hexose-Ps, adenine nucleotides, and Fru-6-P,2-kinase:Fru-2,6-bisphosphatase were investigated during the first few minutes of ischemia. The Fru-2,6-P2 concentration in the liver changed in an oscillatory manner. Within 7 s after the initiation of ischemia, Fru-2,6-P2 increased from 6 to 21 nmol/g liver and decreased to 5 nmol/g liver within 30 s. Subsequently, it reached the maximum value at 50, 80, and 100 s and decreased to the basal concentration at 60, 90, and 120 s. Oscillatory patterns were also observed with Glc-6-P and Fru-6-P, but the ATP/ADP ratio decreased monotonically. Determination of Fru-6-P,2-kinase activity and the phosphorylation states of Fru-6-P,2- kinase:Fru-2,6-bisphosphatase demonstrated that at 7 and 50 s, where Fru-2,6- P2 was the highest, the enzyme was activated and mostly in a dephosphorylated form. On the other hand, at 0, 30, and 300 s, the enzyme was predominantly in the phosphorylated form. The concentration of cAMP in the liver also changed in an oscillatory manner between 0.5 to 1.3 nmol/g with varying frequency of 10 to 40 s. These results indicated that: (a) Fru-2,6- P2 was important in rapid activation of phosphofructokinase in the first few seconds and up to 2-3 min, and (b) the oscillation of Fru-2,6-P2 concentration was the result of activation and inhibition of Fru-6-P,2- kinase:Fru-2,6-bisphosphatase, which was caused by changes in the phosphorylation state of the enzyme.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology