Outcomes of Intravascular Ultrasound-Guided Versus Angiography-Guided Percutaneous Coronary Interventions in Chronic Total Occlusions: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Yashasvi Chugh, Rupinder Buttar, Tak Kwan, Evangelia Vemmou, Judit Karacsonyi, Ilia Nikolakopoulos, Santiago Garcia, Mario Goessl, Yale Wang, Ivan Chavez, Anil Poulose, M. Nicholas Burke, Emmanouil S. Brilakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance have been associated with better long-term outcomes, but adoption remains limited. There are limited data on the impact of IVUS on chronic total occlusion (CTO)-PCI. OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of IVUS guidance on the outcomes of CTO-PCI. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and study-level meta-analysis of IVUS vs angiography-guided CTO-PCI. Electronic databases were systematically searched for all pertinent studies from inception through January 2021. Randomized controlled trials (RCT), registry data, and abstracts published in peer-reviewed indexed journals were included. We examined the following in-hospital and long-term outcomes: major adverse cardiac events; all-cause mortality; cardiovascular mortality; myocardial infarction (MI); target-vessel revascularization (TVR); target-lesion revascularization (TLR); and stent thrombosis (ST). We also evaluated the following procedural metrics: procedure time; fluoroscopy time; contrast volume; total stent length; and total number of stents. Random-effects models were used to pool individual study results. RESULTS: Four (2 observational, 2 randomized) studies including 1975 patients (IVUS-guided PCI, 861 patients; angiography-guided PCI, 1114 patients) were included in the analysis. IVUS-guided CTO-PCI had similar all-cause mortality, major adverse cardiac events, cardiovascular mortality, MI, TVR, and TLR compared with angiography-guided CTO-PCI, but lower risk of stent thrombosis (odds ratio, 0.24; 95% confidence interval, 0.08-0.76; P=.02; I²=0%), shorter procedure time (P<.001; I²=88%), shorter fluoroscopy time (P<.001; I²=63%), and less contrast volume use (P<.001; I²=59%). Total stent length (P<.001; I²=39%) and total number of stents (P<.001; I²=72%) were lower with IVUS-guided CTO-PCI. CONCLUSION: IVUS-guided CTO-PCI is associated with lower risk of ST.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E310-E318
JournalThe Journal of invasive cardiology
Volume34
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022

Keywords

  • chronic total occlusion
  • CTO
  • intravascular imaging
  • IVUS
  • PCI
  • percutaneous coronary intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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