Background: Late graft failure (LGF) is an unresolved issue after orthotopic heart transplant (OHT). In this study, we report characteristics and outcomes of severe LGF requiring mechanical circulatory support (MCS). Methods: All patients undergoing OHT from 2000 to 2018 at our center were reviewed. Patients re-admitted to the hospital for late graft failure (>3 months after initial discharge) and developing cardiogenic shock requiring MCS were identified. Outcomes and mortality were evaluated. Results: Twenty-six patients were identified. Median age was 37.3 years (interquartile range: 28.2–47.6) and 69% were male. Median time from initial transplant to MCS was 2.9 years. Etiology of graft failure was rejection in 19 patients (73%), transplant coronary artery disease (tCAD) in 3 (12%), with mixed tCAD or rejection in 4 (15%).
- heart transplantation
- late allograft failure
- mechanical circulatory support
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine