Over-expression of activated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 predicts poor prognosis in upper tract urothelial carcinoma

Wei Ming Li, Chun Nung Huang, Yi Chen Lee, Szu Han Chen, Hui Hui Lin, Wen Jeng Wu, Ching Chia Li, Hsin Chih Yeh, Lin Li Chang, Wei Chi Hsu, Hung Lung Ke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Signal transducer and activator of transcription proteins (STATs) play important roles in gene regulation, cell proliferation, and cell differentiation. We aimed to establish the relationship between phosphorylated STAT3 (p-Ser-STAT3) expression and the prognosis of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). Methods: This study retrospectively reviewed 100 patients with pathologically confirmed UTUC at Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital. We quantified the expression of p-Ser-STAT3 in cancer cells by immunohistochemistry, and determined the clinicopathological significance of p-Ser-STAT3 expression and prognostic outcomes in patients with UTUC. Results: High p-Ser-STAT3 expression was detected in 52% of UTUC patients. High p-Ser-STAT3 expression was associated with poor recurrence-free survival (p = 0.018) and overall survival (p = 0.026). In advanced cancer samples (stage T3/T4), p-Ser-STAT3 expression is the only independent prognostic factor for recurrence-free survival (hazard ratio = 5.91, p = 0.01) and cancer-specific survival (hazard ratio = 8.83, p = 0.039). Conclusions: The expression of p-Ser-STAT3 can be a potential prognostic marker for cancer recurrence and survival in UTUC, especially in advanced stage cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1360-1367
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume14
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Prognosis
  • Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3
  • Upper tract urothelial carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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