Arf encodes an important tumor suppressor, p19Arf, which also plays a critical role to control hyperplasia in the primary vitreous during mouse eye development. In the absence of Arf, mice are born blind and display a phenotype closely mimicking severe forms of the human eye disease, persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV). In this report, we characterize p19Arf expression in perivascular cells that normally populate the primary vitreous and express the Arf promoter. Using a new ex vivo model, we show that these cells respond to exogenous Tgfβ, despite being isolated at a time when Tgfβ has already turned on the Arf promoter. Treatment of the cells with PDGF-B ligand doubles the population of cells in S-phase and ectopic expression of Arf blunts that effect. We show this effect is mediated through Pdgfrβ as expression of Arf represses expression of Pdgfrβ mRNA and protein to approximately 60%. p53 is not required for Arf-dependent blockade of PDGF-B driven proliferation and repression of Pdgfrβ protein as ectopic expression of Arf is still able to inhibit the 2-fold increase in the S-phase fraction of cells upon treatment with PDGF-B. Finally, induction of mature miR-34a, a microRNA previously identified to be regulated by p19Arf does not depend on p53 while the expression of the primary transcript does require p53. These data corroborate that, as in vivo, p19Arf functions to inhibit PDGF-B driven proliferation ex vivo.
- Perivascular cells
- Primary vitreous
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience