The pathway involving the tumor suppressor gene TP53 can regulate tumor angiogenesis by unclear mechanisms. Here we show that p53 regulates hypoxic signaling through the transcriptional regulation of microRNA-107 (miR-107). We found that miR-107 is a microRNA expressed by human colon cancer specimens and regulated by p53. miR-107 decreases hypoxia signaling by suppressing expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1β (HIF-1β). Knockdown of endogenous miR-107 enhances HIF-1β expression and hypoxic signaling in human colon cancer cells. Conversely, overexpression of miR-107 inhibits HIF-1β expression and hypoxic signaling. Furthermore, overexpression of miR-107 in tumor cells suppresses tumor angiogenesis, tumor growth, and tumor VEGF expression in mice. Finally, in human colon cancer specimens, expression of miR-107 is inversely associated with expression of HIF-1β. Taken together these data suggest that miR-107 can mediate p53 regulation of hypoxic signaling and tumor angiogenesis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Apr 6 2010|
- Nitric oxide
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