p53 levels in human mammary epithelial cells expressing wild-type and mutant human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) E6 proteins: Relationship to reactivation of telomerase and immortalization

Shawn E. Holt, L. Gollahan, T. Willingham, M. Barbosa, J. Shay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human fibroblast cells must overcome both the M1 and the M2 stages of cellular senescence to immortalize, at which point cells almost always express telomerase activity. The human papillomavirus (HPV) oncoproteins, HPV-16 E6 and E7, can block the progression to senescence in fibroblasts by associations with p53 and pRb, respectively. Human mammary epithelial (HME) cells require only HPV-16 E6 to bypass M1, suggesting that pRb may not have a direct role in HME cells senescence. In the present report, we show that only wild-type HPV-16 E6 allows complete degradation of p53, immortalization and reactivation of telomerase activity in HME cells. These results suggest that the ability of HPV-16 wild-type and mutant E6 proteins to degrade p53 in intact HME cells and keratinocytes does not completely correlate with their ability to degrade p53 in a cell-free system. This discrepancy between in vitro and in vivo p53 degradation may be biologically significant and may provide insight into the susceptibility of certain human cells and tissues for reactivation of telomerase and immortalization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-270
Number of pages8
JournalInternational journal of oncology
Volume8
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Immortalization
  • Senescence
  • Telomerase
  • p53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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