The purpose of this study was to develop ELISAs for key neural proteins, three synaptic and one glial, that exist in different intracellular compartments, which would be used as a measure of synaptic phenotype. These assays would be valuable to neurologically phenotype transgenic mouse models of human disease and also human disease itself using minimal amounts of post-mortem tissue. We showed that supernatant from crude brain tissue homogenates extracted in RIPA buffer containing 0.1% SDS bind to synaptophysin, synaptosome-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25), post-synaptic density-95 (PSD-95), and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) antibody pairs with high affinity and selectivity. Overall, RIPA + 0.1% SDS were more efficient than RIPA + 2% SDS or a buffer containing only 1% Triton-X-100. Diluting the brain extracts resulted in dose-dependent binding to the antibody pairs for each neural protein, with EC50s that varied from 8.6 μg protein for PSD-95 to 0.23 μg for GFAP. The assays were used to measure synaptic marker protein levels at various times during mouse development and GFAP in a model of disease accompanied by neuroinflammation. Comparison of ELISAs with Western blots by measuring marker levels in brain extract from developing mice showed a greater relative difference in values derived from ELISA. These ELISAs should be valuable to phenotype the synapse in neurological disease and their rodent models.
- Enzyme-linked immunoassay
- Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)
- Post-synaptic density-95 (PSD-95)
- Synaptosome-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25)
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