Parathyroid hormone (PTH), a major physiologic regulator of proximal renal tubule cell sodium-phosphate cotransport, stimulates several signal transduction pathways including extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK). The physiologic role of PTH-stimulated ERK is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to identify signaling components involved in PTH-stimulated ERK activity and to determine the role of PTH-stimulated ERK activity in regulation of phosphate transport. PTH-stimulated ERK activity was measured in opossum kidney (OK) cell lysates as phosphorylation of myelin basic protein by an in vitro kinase assay. PTH stimulated a dose-dependent increase in ERK activity with a peak at 10-7 M. The time course was biphasic with an early peak at 10 min and a later peak at 20 min. Pretreatment of OK cells with the nonreceptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors genistein and herbimycin A or with the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI-3K) inhibitors wortmannin and LY294002 blocked the early and late peaks of PTH-stimulated ERK activity. Pretreatment with the protein kinase C inhibitor calphostin C blocked only the later phase of PTH-stimulated ERK. To determine the role of ERK in regulation of phosphate transport, PTH inhibition of phosphate uptake and PTH regulation of sodium-phosphate cotransporter (NaPi-4) expression were measured in OK cells pretreated with the MEK inhibitor PD098059. PD098059 significantly attenuated PTH inhibition of phosphate uptake but did not prevent PTH downregulation of NaPi-4. It is concluded that PTH stimulates ERK through two signal transduction pathways: an early pathway dependent on tyrosine kinase and PI-3K and a late pathway dependent on protein kinase C. PTH-stimulated ERK regulates phosphate transport by a mechanism other than downregulation of NaPi-4 expression.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|State||Published - Feb 2000|
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